Thursday, September 11, 2014

Tips on Breastfeeding: How distorted information benefits industry


                    "The question is whether any civilization can wage relentless
                war on life without destroying itself, and without losing the 
                right to be called civilized."  --Rachel Carson

Where do parents get their information on breastfeeding?  Who should parents trust for accurate and non-biased information on breastfeeding?  Why should parents question the source of information on breastfeeding?  

It is obvious to most parents that information from the infant formula industry on breastfeeding is often misinformation that benefits the industry.  As adults we understand the concept of "follow the money."  Although sometimes the slanted information is so subtle that it is difficult to see.  But most of us understand advertising.  And breastfeeding information from the infant formula industry is a form of advertising.  Surprisingly most of us think we are not influenced by advertising.  Yet studies show that advertising works.  So more of us are actually influenced by advertising while believing that we aren't influenced.  I guess we could call it denial.  And we all in some degree of denial about how influenced we are by advertising.

I happened to browse a few infant formula websites on "tips on breastfeeding."  I didn't realize that Abbott has a "commitment to breastfeeding education."  (information for health professionals).  And Mead Johnson can educate mothers on expressing breast milk, "expressing breast milk is a great way to catch a break, get some sleep or let dad or another caregiver have a hand in feeding.  It gets your baby used to the idea of a bottle, and of getting nutrition from someone other than you."  I am vaguely amused by an infant formula company's commitment to breastfeeding education.  It has this Orwellian feel.  The reality is that breastfeeding is the competitor to the infant formula industry (and to the human milk industry).   Breastfeeding education in the hands of the infant formula industry is for lack of a better word, crazy.  Almost as good as having fast food companies give us nutritional education.  Oh yeah, that also is being done in the US.  We have to hope that consumers are educated enough to question this kind of education that benefits industries.  Mead Johnson's education on expressing breast milk as a great way to catch a break is some kind of American male fantasy.  Pumping is work and time away from the baby, another chore added on to the many chores that women seem stuck doing (as household chores seem to still be mostly relegated by whether you are male or female).  Why is babyhood a commitment to the idea of getting babies used to a bottle not the breast?  Why are man more interested in feeding the baby a bottle than doing household chores so that mom can breastfeed her baby?  Oh yeah, household chores seem to still be women's work--at least in most American households.  And oh how quickly men lose interest in feeding the baby a bottle after they have done it a number of times.  Yes, I get it, babies are cute and men envy women's ability to nourish a baby.  Mammary-envy is alive and well.  Breastfeeding, nourishing a human being, is a powerful gift.  In our male-dominated society it seems to be an imperative to disturb or destroy that relationship.  In a society governed by industry, profits, its needs and wants; the disruption or destruction of breastfeeding will be a part of our reality. 

But it is not even the infant formula industry who is trying to guide breastfeeding education in our society.  We now have milk banks who financially need mothers to make a commitment beyond breastfeeding to breast milk feeding.  Prolacta,who calls itself a for-profit milk bank, offers its breastfeeding tips for an increased milk supply.  

First on their list is to, "drink lots of water to avoid dehydration."  Huh?  Say what?  The principle of increasing milk production is to breastfeed more often.  Or use a pump, if a baby is refusing to nurse.  Drinking extra water does not increase a milk supply.   Mothers do need to be aware of the need for more water during exercise or when temperatures are high.  But increasing water consumption does not increase milk production.  

Second suggestion from Prolacta is "Healthy Choices."  They suggest eating lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.  They also suggest a calorie range.  Eating healthy foods is a good idea but it does not increase a mother's milk supply.  Breastfeeding more frequently or pumping when infant's absolutely refuse to breastfeed increases a milk supply.  

Third on the list is "Eat Frequently."  They suggest 3 small meals with healthy snacks. And again having a healthy diet and eating frequently does not increase a milk supply.  Breastfeeding more frequently or pumping increase a milk supply.  Eating healthy meals and snacks is something all people should be doing.  Good nutrition makes people feel better and benefits the immune system.  Eating well may improve the quality of the milk but it doesn't increase a mother's milk supply.  Only breastfeeding more often or pumping if the baby refuses to nurse more often will increase a milk supply.

The fourth breastfeeding tip for an increased supply is to, "Pump Often."  They state, "Breast milk is produced on a supply and demand basis, so if you pump more often, your body will naturally make more milk."  Hm....now they finally have gotten to the principle of increasing milk production.  But dear reader is this really a breastfeeding tip or a breast milk pumping tip to increase milk production? 

When working with moms who needed to increase their milk supply, my first suggestion would be to increase breastfeeding time.  Pumping was not one of my suggestions unless the baby was refusing to breastfeed.  Adding pumping to a mother's life with baby, puts the mother's supply out of sync with the baby's needs.  When moms have an oversupply, they are often at risk for engorgement and/or mastitis.  Breastfeeding exclusively is a balanced system. Adding pumping to a balanced system is a risk.

There are 16 Breastfeeding tips.  Not surprisingly the fifth suggestion is to "Get in a Routine."  Pumping requires a routine, scheduling.  Breastfeeding is not so easily made into a routine because it is about human behavior and the needs of a baby.  Routine usually means a clock approach to life.  Now its time to eat, now its time to sleep, and now its time to play.  Babies don't know clock time.  And breastfeeding, while about feeding is not solely about feeding.  It is about comfort and connection.  How do we schedule the human need for love and connection?  If it is needed and denied, do we perceive the crying of the infant to only be about hunger or indigestion?  When the reality is that the need for love and comfort is as strong as the need for food.

Prolacta obviously has confused breastfeeding tips with breast milk pumping tips.  Their suggestions are not geared for mothers who are exclusively breastfeeding and not pumping.  Yet Prolacta, like the infant formula industry has chosen to educate parents on breastfeeding.  Yet their suggestions are not about breastfeeding but about breast milk feeding.  Breast milk feeding benefits their industry.  Their tips are about obtaining an optimal supply of donor milk.  

Breastfeeding is not breast milk feeding.  And while it takes enormous dedication to pump milk instead of breastfeeding, it does not make them equivalent actions.  Are we moving towards a breastfeeding society or to a breast milk feeding society?  Do babies benefit or does an industry benefit, when breastfeeding and breast milk feeding are considered one and the same thing?  Should the human milk industry educate us on breastfeeding?

Time for a patent or two!!  Just happens to be Prolacta's patents.  Both patents are entitled, "Compositions of human lipids and methods of making and using same."  Both patents (#8377445, #8821878), are owned by Prolacta and invented by Elena M. Medo and Scott Eaker, filed in 2007 and 2013 respectively.
Elena Medo is no longer with Prolacta and has formed another company called Medolac (for profit milk bank). She established a company called Neolac in 2009 when she left Prolacta.

Both patents appear to be one and the same, just filed on different dates (patents are for 20 years based on the filing date--so having filed another same or similar patent extends a monopoly).  The patents state, 

"The disclosure features methods of making compositions that include a human lipid.  The methods can include:  obtaining whole human milk;  separating the milk into a cream portion and a skim portion;  processing the cream portion; and pasteurizing the processed cream portion."

"Nutritional support can be administered to the patients in need of it, e.g., enterally or parenterally (e.g., by a process called total parenteral nutrition [TNP])."

Science Daily just had an article entitled, "Human milk fat improves growth in premature infants." (dated Augsut 15, 2014)

"Researchers at the USDA/ARS Chidren's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have now successfully incorporated a cream supplement into premature infants' diets that improved their growth outcomes in the NICU.  The report appears in the Journal of Pediatrics."  

And while some people would call this article news, I would call it advertising.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140815102225.htm

This article never mentions that two of the authors of this report in the Journal of Pediatrics are employed by Prolacta (Martin L. Lee and David J. Rechtman) and two other authors (Amy Hair and Cynthia Blanco) received financial support and speaker honoraria from Prolacta.  The study was funded by the USDA, ARS, and the National Center for Research Resources General Clinical Research.  Prolacta provided the product.  None of the authors of this study are inventors to the Prolacta patents.  But the study does not mention the patents.
http://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476%2814%2900627-1/abstract

From my perspective, I do not understand the ethics of an industry that makes profits from women who donate (some compensation is offered--breast pump or $1 per ounce of milk provided)?  I also don't understand the enthusiasm of some breastfeeding advocates for this endeavor.  Interestingly at Fearless Formula Feeder's website, their seems to be a lot of enthusiasm for the recent product of Prolacta, human milk-based infant formula.  I don't understand that either, since many of the people supportive of fearless formula feeding don't believe that infant formula has any risks at all--unless you live in some undeveloped nation.  So why would this group be enthused about an infant formula made from human milk?  If we believe that infant feeding choices are equivalent choices, then who needs human milk infant formula?  In the context of public relations and social media I understand the game playing.  As long as we continue to believe that breastfeeding and breast milk feeding are the same and can be used interchangeably, industries will continue to profit.  Breastfeeding is not just a method of giving nutrition, but about how human beings learn to love and connect to one another.  The sad thing is that this understanding of breastfeeding is lost by industries trying to educate the public about breastfeeding.  And the reality is that both the infant formula and human milk industries survival is based on breastfeeding not surviving.
Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain








 



 

Monday, August 25, 2014

A Critique and A Patent


                       "Globalized industrialized food is not cheap:  it is
                        costly for the Earth, for the farmers, for our health.
                        The Earth can no longer carry the burden of ground-
                        water mining, pesticide pollution, disappearance of
                        species and destabilization of the climate."
                        --Vandana Shiva

I recently read, "Supporting Formula-Feeding Moms During World Breastfeeding Week," by Suzanne Barston (Fearless Formula Feeder blogger) published at the Huffingtonpost website on August 6, 2014.  Suzanne Barston is an advocate for formula feeding familes.  Yet, recently she became a Certified Lactation Consultant (CLC).  How exactly does one adequately advocate for both infant formula feeding and breastfeeding families?  Isn't it possible that some families may get short-changed by this middle-of-the-road approach?  I remember from my childhood a biblical verse that seems to address this concern about a middle-of-the-road approach.  From Matthew 6:24, "No one can serve two masters.  Either you will hate the one and love the other, or you will be devoted to the one and despise the other."  

Suzanne Barston states that World Breastfeeding Week, "is the perfect time to spread our own message about self-care, individuality and confidence."  Timing of social media messages is critical.  Why pick the same week as World Breastfeeding Week?  What message does this send out to the world?  Hm, if infant formula feeding is about self-care, individuality and confidence then breastfeeding is not about self-care, individuality and confidence.

I feel a sense of competitiveness, why else pick the same week as World Breastfeeding Week to celebrate infant formula feeding families?  Why not pick another month or another week?  From the beginning Barston writes about failure--playing at soccer, losing the game because as a goalie she failed to block a shot by the opposing team.  Then being yelled at by her teammates and feeling like a failure.  This is the author's issue.  Should this issue be the basis of running a social media campaign that in essence sabotages a time to celebrate breastfeeding?

The author writes, "What's best for the masses isn't always best for the individual."  One has to conclude from the article that infant formula feeding is about individualism and by implication that breastfeeding is what everyone is doing.  Yet that isn't even true.  Most women do either a mixture of breastfeeding and infant formula feeding or exclusive formula feeding.  The message of individualism speaks to who?  This is a subtle media message, a Republican ideology, stemming from Herbert Hoover days who coined the term "rugged individualism".  Hoover believed that the federal government should not interfere with the American people during the Great Depression.  He also said, "After all, the chief business of the American people is business." Business is the priority of our society.  Infant formula is a billion dollar business that thrives when women believe that choice is an individual, rational decision not governed by advertising or social media campaigns.

The author writes, "Breastfeeding is one part of a complex puzzle that makes up child health."  She states, "Public health messaging is about public health, not individual health."  Say what?  This statement is bizarre in the extreme.  I won't even comment because it is beyond rationality.

The author to prove that bottlefeeding is wonderful and that bonding does not require breasts, let's readers click on a link to a picture of a mother bottlefeeding her baby.  Where has the author been for the past few decades?  There are bottlefeeding pictures everywhere, glorifying bottlefeeding--just look at infant formula advertising on the internet.  What we don't get to see so much is breastfeeding pictures.  Even Facebook up until recently was taking down pictures of breastfeeding.  We don't need more bottlefeeding pictures.   And the fact is that glorifying pictures of bottlefeeding will definitely sell more cans of infant formula.  This makes me question how someone who advocates for infant formula feeding (families) can also serve breastfeeding clients well if at all.

I think the biggest problem I have with this media campaign is that all these messages play into an industry that stands to gain in more people using infant formula to express their individuality.  And actually this campaign seems to create an even bigger divide between breastfeeding mothers and infant formula feeding mothers with its focus on how infant formula feeding mothers are made to feel like failures (by who else breastfeeding mothers).  The reality is that feelings of failure are self-induced and to blame someone else for feelings of failure in a public venue is scapegoating, a well-known propaganda technique.

From my perspective, Huffington Post is unsupportive of breastfeeding, otherwise it would not have published this kind of article, particularly on World Breastfeeding Week!

Another patent...regarding irradiation of infant formula...

Patent # 88902018 entitled, "Apparatus and method for radiation processing of fluent food products," by inventors Shekhar Patel and Laurence J. Kiely and owned by Nestec (Nestle).  Filed in 2006.  The invention uses e-beams to reduce levels of Enterobacter sakazakii.

"Figure 9 is a flowchart depicting a method of irradiating powder infant formula according to an embodiment of the present invention."

"In most scientific literature it is assumed that on an average E. sakazakii contaminated infant formula has approximately 36 cells/10Kg of product.  If an infant formula contaminated at this level is processed by e-beam at a dose level of 3.4 KgY, it will bring down the microbial load to 0.36 cells/10 Kg (almost impossible to detect using current microbial testing procedures)."

**************************************************

Food irradiation has some health risks.  Vitamin E and C levels are reduced which can be compounded by longer storage times of irradiated foods.  By-products are created by irradiation, one chemical is known to cause DNA damage in rat colon cells at high doses.  "Food irradiation does not inactivate dangerous toxins which have already been produced by bacteria prior to irradiation."  from Position Statement of The Food Commission-July 2002 
http://www.foodcomm.org.uk/campaigns/irradiation_concerns/

I don't know if infant formula is irradiated in the USA or in other countries.  Interesting that Nestle owns a patent on irradiating infant formula and I wonder whether this technology is used and in what countries.
Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain 


Sunday, August 24, 2014

Apartheid: Racism & Violence in America


                "A nation that continues year after year to spend more
                 money on military defense than on programs of social  
                 uplift is approaching spiritual doom."
                 --Martin Luther King, Jr.

We are a visually-impaired country.  We are a violent country.  We are a society that is racist as well as sexist.  And actually racism exists in almost any country in the world.  But the US is one of the more dominant violent countries of the world.  We have the bombs and the bullets and we use them to suit the business needs of our corporations.  Its about power, profits and wealth.  As the old bumper sticker states, "He who dies with the most toys wins."  Somehow we believe that in the afterlife, that those who made a "killing" on the stock market or in business will be rewarded.  

Ferguson, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis Missouri, home to the Monsanto Corporation, is currently faced with massive protests regarding a white policeman shooting to death an unarmed young black man, Michael Brown.  His body left on the street for hours, without the dignity of a shroud. He is one of many young black males to die in the US in confrontations with police.  How many will die before our society says enough is enough?  Will there be justice for Michael Brown?  Was there justice for Trayvon Martin?  There is an utter senselessness to these killings.  And then when the community stands up against this injustice, they face tear gas and guns pointed in their faces? Why? Is protest now a crime?  

I never heard of Ferguson, Missouri before this happened.  But I certainly knew that St. Louis, Missouri is the home of Monsanto. It seemed ironic that a company so hated by environmentalists because of its poisoning of the earth and its people, seems smack dab in the middle of racist turmoil.  Although, one might consider that environmental degradation is not only poisonous to the health of people but poisonous to the poorer communities, particularly poor black communities. Monsanto, is known for its manufacturing of DDT, aspartame, glyphosate herbicides-"Round Up," Agent Orange/Dioxin, PCBs, genetically modified seeds, aspirin, saccharin, caffeine, vanillin and assisted in the development of our first nuclear weapons.   Monsanto is also known for its political influence in Congress, the FDA, the USDA, the EPA, the Courts-including the Supreme Court. Monsanto has the power to influence the nation;  to make the populace accept the poisoning and pollution of our land.  So should we be surprised that racism seems to be embedded in the roots of a city that Monsanto calls home?  Is Monsanto still as racist as their 1950's ad, "It's Plastics Picking Time Down South, depicting blacks picking cotton? see
http://neatdesigns.net/22-shockingly-racist-ads/

Or is the racism more subtle?  For example, there has been a 98% decline in black farm ownership.  Part of the reason for this decline is Monsanto's monopolies on seeds and its curtailing of saving seeds.  The saving of seeds has been farmers economic lifeline; without that ability, farmers are put into greater and greater debt.
http://rolandmartinreports.com/blog/2012/02/high-price-of-monopoly-why-american-farmers-must-buy-from-just-one-seed-company/ 

Who has suffered the most from unemployment (latest statistic from New Pittsburgh Courier/August 2014 jobless rate-4.9% white males, 11.4% black males, 4.9% white females, 10.1% black females)?  Who is last to be hired and first to be fired?  What neighborhoods have the worst schools with high drop out rates?  Racism impacts jobs and education.  It impacts medical care.  Infant mortality rates for black infants is 2-3 times higher than white infants in the USA.  Infant mortality is a barometer of economic well-being of a people.  High rates of infant mortality shows us that the well being of the black community is in jeopardy.  Black infants have the lowest breastfeeding rates. Racism has a lot to do with a community's access to knowledge about breastfeeding and the risks of infant formula.

When I was a young girl in the fifties I remember watching the television and seeing Southern police and their dogs attack civil rights protestors.  I didn't understand that kind of cruelty then and I don't understand it now.  I didn't understand why black people had to sit in the back of the bus?  Or why they couldn't eat at lunch counters with white people?  Or why there were bathrooms for white people only?  Or why there were white hospitals and black hospitals? A black person who got into a car accident and was critically hurt near a white hospital would not be allowed in the white hospital and would have to travel to the black hospital (that is if there was a black ambulance). While desegregation has happened, the poisonous nature of racism still exists.  It exists in laws that are applied unequally, in whether you can obtain a job or an education or where you can live. 

Recently UN human rights official, Navi Pillay's commented to US authorities "urging the US authorities to investigate allegations of brutality and examine the 'root causes' of racial discrimination in America."  She further stated, "..privately I was thinking that there are many parts of the United States where apartheid is flourishing."  and, "Apartheid is also where law turns a blind eye to racism."(Reuters, Aug 20, 2014, "Missouri racial violence recalls apartheid, UN rights chief says," by Stephanie Nebehay)

As Pillay states in this article racism breeds conflict and violence.  Martin Luther King, Jr. stated many years ago, "Discrimination is a hellhound that gnaws at Negroes in every waking moment of their lives to remind them that the lie of their inferiority is accepted as truth in the society dominating them."  We seem to be stuck in the continuous tragedy of racism and violence.  The US is the number one arms dealer of the world.  We also export our crowd control weapons:  tear gas, flash bang grenades, and rubber bullets.  All this violence we have exported, only to have the police use it on our own streets.  

I realize this is not my usual kind of post for my blog. Violence in our society is a huge problem that creates a common state of fear and anger, an exportation of wars across the globe, and violence in our streets.  Violence towards one race, towards women and children, is self-perpetuating.  It will never end unless more people demand an end to violence, racism, and sexism.  This is the time for justice.  A time to realize that violence only begets more violence. 

Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain


"In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends."  --Martin Luther King, Jr.



Wednesday, August 13, 2014

If breastfeeding was normal...


                    "Squeezing the lives of people is now being proposed
                     as the savior of the planet.  Through the green economy
                     an attempt is being made to technologise, financialise,
                     privatise and commodify all of the earth's resources and
                     living processes."--Vandana Shiva

Breastfeeding is normal or so they say.  Yes, biologically, humans are mammals. And mammals feed their young with their mammary glands.  So yes-yes, breastfeeding is normal.  But I started playing this game in my head and you, too can play the game.  If breastfeeding is normal, the question of how a mom is going to feed her baby would not be asked.  The assumption would be that you would breastfeed cause that is the biological norm.  If breastfeeding is normal, a bottle would not be a baby shower gift.  If breastfeeding is normal, a healthy newborn would be at the breast within the first hour after birth.  The assumption would be that breastfeeding after childbirth is normal.  If breastfeeding is normal, no birthing mom would get a free "6-pack" of infant formula in the hospital.  The assumption would be that moms breastfeed their babies.  If breastfeeding is normal, moms would breastfeed whenever and wherever they needed to, no stalling for a suitable location.  If breastfeeding is normal, moms breastfeeding in public would be unnoticed because it was so normal as to be unremarkable.  If breastfeeding is normal, a symbol of babyhood would be a breast not a bottle.  If breastfeeding is normal, infant formula would be by prescription only (instead of human milk being by prescription only).  If breastfeeding is normal, mothers would be given plenty of time to establish breastfeeding and/or family leave from their employers.  If breastfeeding is normal, our stories, our art would be full of written and visual imagery of breastfeeding.  If breastfeeding is normal, nursing bras wouldn't cost so much.  They would be standard items in every department store and they would include all sizes.  If breastfeeding is normal.....(your turn dear reader to play the game!)

Breastfeeding is normal biological behavior in mammals (humans being mammals).  But breastfeeding is not normal in our society.  If and when breastfeeding ever becomes normal in our society, we wouldn't need to talk about the normalcy of breastfeeding.  Yesterday I read this interesting article in NUTRA ingredients.com. The article was entitled, "Breast is best:  Punjab gov sets new infant formula labelling rules," by Annie-Rose Harrison-Dunn, dated August 4, 2014.  This article is what triggered my thoughts on the game-playing, if breastfeeding was normal...

"Labelling of infant formula sold in the Pakistani department of Punjab must now include the warning, 'mother's milk is the best food for your baby and helps in preventing diarrhoea and other illnesses,' according to new prohibition and guidance rules released by the region's government."
http://www.nutraingredients.com/Regulation/Punjab-labelling-rules-infant-formula

I am all for warning labels on infant formula, which should have a long list of risks for parents to read.  And maybe this article is an English translation problem.  But to me a warning label should not include a statement about mother's milk/breastfeeding is the best food.  A warning label is about the risks of the product, breastfeeding is not the risk.  If breastfeeding is normal, a can of infant formula would not have to warn parents that mother's milk is the best food.  The assumption would be that breastfeeding is the normal way to feed a baby and that feeding anything else is a risk.  But you see we don't live in a world where breastfeeding is normal.

More patents...

Patent # 8754126 entitled, "Methods for improving tolerance, digestion, and lipid soluble nutrient absorption in an infant, toddler, or child," filed in 2011.
Invented by Chron-Si Lai et al. and owned by Abbott Laboratories.

"Unfortunately, a small percentage of infant formula fed newborns can experience gastrointestinal (GI) intolerance problems, including loose stools, gas, necrotizing enterocolitis, colic, and the like."

"Presumably newborn infants are deficient in lipase, and thus, they do not digest and absorb fat as well as breast fed infants who receive lipase in the mother's milk."  

Patent # 8785163 entitled, "Desaturases and methods for producing polyunsaturated fatty acids in transgenic organisms," filed in 2008.  Inventors are Toralf Senger and Jorg Bauer and owned by BASF Plant Science GmbH.  This about using genetic engineering to produce polyunsaturated fatty acids.  BASF is the largest chemical company in the world.  It has worked with Monsanto in biotechnology of products.

"Thus, for example, polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (=DHA, C22:6.sup..DELTA. 4,7,10,13,16,19) or eicosapentaenoic acid (=EPA, C20:5.sup..DELTA. 5,8,11,14,17) are added to infant formula to improve the nutrional value.  The unstaurated fatty acid DHA is said to a positive effect on the development and maintenance of brain function."

"The present invention relates to polynucleotides from Helobdella robusta, Laccaria bicolor, Lottia gigantea, Microcoleus chthonoplastes, Monosiga brevicollis, Mycosphaerella fijiensis, Mycospaerella graminicola, Naegleria gruberi, Nectria haematococca, Nematostella vectensis, Phycomyces blakesleeanus, Trichoderma resii, Physcomitrella patens, Postia placenta, Selaginella moellendorffii, and Microdochium nivale, which code for desturases and which can be employed for the recombinant production of polyunsaturated fatty acids."

Patent # 8795750 entitled, "Method for manufacturing low-phosphorus whey," filed in 2010.  The inventors are Nobuo Seki et al. and the patent is owned by Morinaga Milk Industry Co., Ltd. (Japan).  Cheese whey is the raw material fo infant formula.  It was discovered that over-ingestion of phosphorus from foods exerted an adverse effect on bone metabolism.  (Morinaga Milk Industry produces infant formual).

"However, when whey is used as a raw material for infant formula, because the whey includes large amounts of minerals, there are limitations to the potential applications of the resulting formula."

Telling moms that breastfeeding is normal when the reality that moms see is that it is not normal creates distrust.  Normal is defined as the "usual, expected or standard state."  While breastfeeding is upheld as the standard by experts around the world, a mom's reality (brought to you by the infant formula industry control of the media) is that it is not really expected of her to breastfeed.  The expectation is that she can't or won't breastfeed (a statement made over and over again in human milk component patents and infant formula patents) and there is a belief that that will never change.  
Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain






Sunday, August 10, 2014

When ADVERTISING IS NEWS


              "Advertising is the art of convincing people to spend money
                they don't have for something they don't need."
                                                   --Will Rogers

Well, US News and World Report, you have truly breached the gap between news and advertising.  When advertising becomes a news article, do we laugh or cry?  Should I be surprised?  Me, who only reads newspapers to figure out what the government wants us to believe.  No, I am not surprised.  Well dear reader how about taking a look at this news article.
http://health.usnews.com/health-news/health-wellness/articles/2014/06/18/how-to-choose-the-right-baby-formula

"But sometimes, breast-feeding just isn't in the cards..." 

Let us believe in fickle fate, luck of the draw, or tarot cards in determining how we feed our babies.  Let's not question how hospital birthing policies and practices, lack of support and correct information, and advertising dressed up as news influences the roulette wheel of infant feeding choices.

"[Read:  Is Breast-feeding Always Best for Babies?]"

Subtle, eh?  I read it, didn't like it.  But I am sure that you can convince a number of readers in the validity of choosing the right formula rather than choosing breastfeeding.

"U.S. News, in partnership with Pharmacy Times, conducted a survey of 2,490 pharmacists to see which health products they recommend most often.  When it came to infant formula, 49 percent of pharmacists recommend Enfamil as the brand of choice.  Similac came in a distant second place with 21 percent of the votes, and PediaSure came in third with 17 percent."

Okay Mead Johnson (manufactures Enfamil) wins the contest...but pharmacists are recommending PediaSure (Abbott manufactures this product as well as Similac) for infants???  Hold on, PediaSure is not an infant formula!! Package brochure states for children 1-13 years old not recommended for children under 1 years of age and states consult a health professional for children under 2 years of age.  Obviously consulting a pharmacist about infant formula might not be the wisest thing to do, if some of them are recommending PediaSure as an infant formula.

"Formula isn't the place to look for a bargain."
and
"Generic companies don't put as much research into their products..."
and
"Don't splurge on organic."

No, splurge on name brand formulas.  Wow if I was Perrigo, manufacturer of store-brand infant formulas I would not be happy with this news article.  Perrigo won a lawsuit regarding Mead Johnson's false advertising in 2011.
https://sg.news.yahoo.com/perrigo-13-5m-judgment-vs-mead-johnson-upheld-190717841.html 

Hm...here we go again the accusations regarding store brand formulas.  Oh wait this isn't advertising...its news!!!!!!  God save me from this crazy, messed up world.  Orwellian?  You bet.

Here's some more patents to enjoy...

Patent # 7893041 entitled, "Oligosaccharide compositions and use thereof in the treatment of infection," filed in 2004.  The inventors are Ardythe L. Morrow, David S. Newburg, and Guillermo M. Ruiz-Palacios and owned by the Children's Hospital Medical Center (Cincinnati Ohio), Instituto Nacional De Ciencias Medicas Y Nutricion(Mexico, D.F.,MX), and University of Massachusetts (Boston, MS).

"Significantly enhanced immunologic protection by breastfeeding has been demonstrated for diarrheal diseases, respiratory tract illnesses, bacteremia, meningitis, and necrotizing enterocolitis." 

Patent # 8715769 entitled, "Preventing diseases in infants delivered via caesarean section," filed in 2006. The inventors are Joachim Schmitt et al., and the owner is N.V. Nutricia (Netherlands).  The believe that C-sectioned infants have different intestinal flora than vaginally-born infants.  The C-sectioned infants have less Bifidobacterium and less diverse Bifidobacterium. 

"Human milk contains non-digestible oligosaccharides which specifically stimulate the growth of lactic acid producing bacteria, such as species belonging to the genus Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus and prevent the growth and/or adhesion to the intestinal wall of other (pathogenic) bacteria.  Hence, when an infant receives human milk, the infant's intestinal flora develops into a healthy flora rich in lactic acid producing bacteria.  The presence of a healthy intestinal flora improves gut barrier maturation and/or gut barrier integrity, stimulates the formulation of mucus, inhibits pathogenic bacteria and stimulates the immune system."

Patent #8637297 entitled, "Isolation, identification and characterization of strains with probiotic activity, from faeces of infants fed exclusively with breast milk," filed in 2010.  The inventors are Jose Maria Vieites Fernandez et al., and owned by Hero AG (infant formula company in Europe).

""The general objective of this study is to isolate probiotic microorganisms for a subsequent use in the food and pharmaceutical industry, especially for using them in infant formula milk."

"..the French microbiologist Tissier observed that the fecal microbiota of breast-feeding newborns have more bacteria from the genus Bifidobacterium than the fecal microbiota of children who have received artificial milk and acknowledged the beneficial role of this microorganism."

Henri Tissier discovered Bifidobacterium in the 1900's.  He called it Bacillus bifidus communis but it is now called Bifidobacterium bifidum Ti. (Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, ed. by Carl A. Batt).  The health of breastfeed infants was believed to be caused by this substance.  So do breastfed infants need probiotics?  No, they get it naturally through breastfeeding.  The infant formula industry will use this bacteria (derived from the feces of exclusively breastfeed infants) to imitate human milk's beneficial attributes.  Of course the question is how does one manufacture such substance and consider it equivalent?
Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain 
 

Thursday, August 7, 2014

World Breastfeeding Week 2014: Artificial feeding is risky


                             "Artificial feeding is risky.  This basic fact upsets people
                      who feel insulted if they or their mothers did not
                      breastfeed but most women do not 'choose' how they
                      feed their babies:  they do what their culture and 
                      society expects." --Gabrielle Palmer, The Politics of
                      Breastfeeding:  When Breasts are Bad for Business

In our society is infant feeding really choice or cultural expectation?  Gabrielle Palmer's book unveils our presumptions about infant feeding.  Reading and rereading her book, I continue to learn from it.  I heard her speak many years ago and went out and bought her book.  Shared the book and never got it back.  Bought an updated and revised edition and it is so worn that I think I need another copy.  

I just finished reading an article in the Washington Post entitled, "I fed my newborns formula to keep them alive.  Still, I felt guilty about it," by Darlena Cunha.  I must say that the media has outdone itself in creating articles during World Breastfeeding Week that are unsupportive of breastfeeding.  How can a breastfeeding advocate respond to such an article?  But a response is needed.

The author states that she learned, "Good mothers, I learned, breastfed.  Lazy mothers don't."  Where did she learn this?  I remember meeting with breastfeeding mothers and we were all talking about how we were lazy and how breastfeeding fit into our lazy lifestyles.  Meaning it takes a lot of work to bottle feed babies.  Sterilizing bottles, cleaning bottles and nipples, making sure that everything is done as safely and correct as possible is no easy task.  Breastfeeding one simply puts the baby to breast, no fuss, no kitchen clean-up.  Where did she get this notion that lazy mothers formula feed?  Lightbulb goes off in my head, as I read further in the article about a survey taken by Baby Talk Magazine in which "33% of breastfeeding mothers called their formula-feeding counterparts lazy and selfish."  I don't particularly have much faith in media surveys, particularly when the media is supported by infant formula advertising.  Surveys can be set up to be slanted.  And what better way to create the "mommy wars."

Then the author of this article states that this idea that women must breastfeed is echoed in "scary" media stories about stores pulling formula off the shelves after a baby died of a bacterial infection.  I believe there was a recall--meaning in the interest of public safety the product was removed off the shelves.  The bacterial infection is called Cronobacter sakazakii and infants who contract this bacteria (known scientifically to reside in powdered infant formula)  have a 40%-80% risk of dying or being brain damaged.  Scary story?  Or scary reality? 

The article goes on to state that "when breastfeeding adult medications must be stopped so that the effects don't reach the infants via the mothers' milk."  There are very few medications that need to be stopped. ("It is currently known, that most medications have few side effects in breastfeeding infants because the dose transferred via milk is almost always too low to be clinically relevant, or it is poorly bioavailable to the infant."--Thomas Hale, PhD, "Medications and Mothers' Milk)

The author goes on to tell the story of a mother who was talked into breastfeeding by a well-meaning nurse.  So in reality this woman did not want to breastfeed.  Finally, a health professional told her to stop breastfeeding.  This is an example of how choice is often controlled by who is believed to have the power in your life. The mother felt forced to choose breastfeeding because a medical person decided for her.  And then she had to wait for a medical person to tell her she could quit.  This is an example of a mother who has lost her autonomy and power to the medical establishment.  We shouldn't be surprised that breastfeeding didn't work out.  Or that the mother feels badly.  The decision to breastfeed or not is far more important than our society recognizes.  Who should control that decision-making process?  The mother.  A mother that let's others make her decision has lost her autonomy and depression is often the end result.  Depression often leads to blame placed on the wrong people or the wrong institutions.  

This article is a very thoughtless article and I am surprised that the Washington Post published it.  It is an article that misinforms readers and perpetuates myths regarding breastfeeding and breastfeeding advocacy.

More patents...

Patent # 6232094 entitled, "DNA encoding human .kappa. casein and process for obtaining protein," filed in 1995.  Invented by Lennart Hansson et al. and owned by Symbicom Aktiebolag (Sweden).  This invention is about a DNA sequence encoding the human milk protein .kappa.-casein.

"Thus infant formula, often prepared on the basis of cow milk, is generally incompletely digested by the infant, and is lacking substances known to have effect on the physiological funtions of the infant.  In order to obtain an infant formula with a nutritional value similar to human milk, a number of additives including proteins, protein fragments, vitamins, minerals etc., which are normally formed or taken up during the infant's digestion of human milk are included in the formula with the consequent risk of posing an increased strain on and possible long-term damage of important organs such as liver and kidney. Another disadvantage associated with the use of cow milk-based formulae is the increased risk for inducing allergy in the infant against bovine proteins."

Patent #5741957 entitled "Transgenic bovine," filed in 1995.  Inventors are Hermon A. Deboer et al. and owned by Pharming B.B. of the Netherlands.  For those who don't know what transgenic means, "an organism whose genome has been altered by the transfer of a gene or genes from another species."

"Further, it is apparent that a need exists for methods for producing transgenic bovine species which are capable of producing recombinant polypeptides such as human milk proteins and human serum proteins in the milk os such transgenic animals."

"Still further, it is an object herein to provide food formulations supplemented with recominant polypeptides from such transgenic milk such as human infant formula supplements with human lactoferrin."

This is the company that created Herman, the bull.  The following website is an article about the creation of a herd of transgenic cows in Blackburg, Virginia back in 1999.  There are many other herds now.  The transgenic cows in Virginia were not initially separated from normal cows.  http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/1999-06/VT-Ibft-290699.php 

Patent # 7914822 entitled, "Method of producing nutritional products from human milk tissue and compositions thereof," and filed in 2009.  The inventor is Elena Maria Medo and owned by Prolacta Bioscience.

"Artificial baby milk, predominantly based on cow's milk, have been prepared and used to nourish an infant, but there is increasing evidence that infants fed artificial baby milks suffer long-term ill consequences."

"It has been known for a long time by physicians, scientists and nutritionists that the best food or nutrition supplied to an infant is its own mothers' milk, ie., fresh human milk."

"Accordingly, it would be desirable to provide a standardized source of human milk that can be modified to reflect the various stages of lactation and various immune responses."

The human milk industry, Prolacta in this patent, recognizes that fresh human milk (note that they don't say breastfeeding) is the best source of food for babies.  Yet there product is not fresh, it is frozen with additives.  The beauty of human milk is that it is not standardized, it is individualized.   Breastfeeding is the competitor for this industry as well as the infant formula industry.  Both recognize and state that some women can't or won't breastfeed, so we must buy their products.
Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

World Breastfeeding Week 2014: Breastfeeding is our Inheritance


                "Globalized industrialized food is not cheap:  it is too costly
                  for the Earth, for the farmers, for our health.  The Earth 
                  can no longer carry the burden of ground water mining, 
                  pesticide pollution, disappearance of species and destabilization
                  of the climate.  Farmers can no longer carry the burden of
                  debt, which is inevitable in industrial farming with its high 
                  costs of production.  It is incapable of producing safe, 
                  culturally appropriate, tasty, quality food.  And it is incapable
                  of producing enough food for all because it is wasteful of 
                  land, water and energy.  Industrial agriculture uses ten times
                  more energy than it produces.  It is thus ten times less 
                  efficient."--Vandana Shiva

There is an ecological burden that we add to the Earth, when countries do little to promote, protect and encourage breastfeeding.  Instead the promotion and protection is extended to the infant formula industry. In a very unbalanced system, this industry can market its products directly to mothers and fathers using advertising techniques that promote their products while sabotaging breastfeeding.  This billion dollar industry influences our government, our educational institutions as well as the medical establishments through large donations.  They advertise on the internet, in magazines, and TV.  This very same industry owns human milk research.  They own it cause they bought it and staked a claim through their patents.  They wage marketing campaigns to silence breastfeeding advocacy.  And we live in such strange times that marketing has becomes truth and truth cannot be tolerated.  Out of fear that the truth creates shame and guilt, we are encouraged to omit the truth.  Some call that lies by omission.  Who benefits when we massage the message, speak and write unclearly about infant formula?  Well, let's watch how that billion dollar industry makes billions more.  But you know this isn't just about making money, its about a product that creates higher morbidity and mortality.  What other products do you know that can do this and still get the support of the average citizen? 

Breastfeeding is our rightful inheritance.  By breastfeeding, a baby is getting gulpfuls of their mother's DNA, a fresh and a live substance.  Formula is not a live substance and the DNA the baby receives is either cow or goat or some other mammal or sometimes a plant-soybean DNA.  This is why we talk about species specific milks.  The design of mammal milks is to benefit the particular species of mammal.  Cow's milk is designed to quickly create a big animal.  Human milk is designed for human brain function.  Should we be surprised about our obesity problem in children, when a majority of infants are ingesting cow's milk formulas at some point in their early lives.  The infant formula industry is now working on patents to make an infant formula that will resolve the obesity problem caused by their product.  Should we applaud the industry for solving a problem they created?  And actually the resolution of the obesity problem is breastfeeding not the creation of another untested product.

Some years ago I met a young mom who was breastfeeding her son despite some enormous difficulties.  I asked her why she continued to breastfeed despite all the obstacles placed in her life.  She told me that it was part of her religious belief and that breastfeeding was her children's rightful inheritance.  She could not even think of quitting.  I was impressed by her courage and her conviction to continue to breastfeed.  I met many women who overcame many difficulties to breastfeed over the years.  I was always impressed by how many mothers move mountains to make breastfeeding work for them.  As I have looked at so many patents on human milk components and how these patents study the DNA of these components, I find myself thinking that it is quite appropriate to view breastfeeding as one's inheritance.  You can inherit money and land but if you don't have your health (and we know that breastfeeding impacts your health not only as an infant but into adulthood) living your life will be a struggle.  Most people who suffer with health problems, would rather regain their health than be given money or gifts.

More patents...

Patent #8394370 entitled, "Nutritional formula for optimal gut barrier function," by inventors Clara Lucia Barcia-Rodinas et al. and filed in 2004.  Owned by Nestec (Nestle).

"During the postnatal development, the newborn intestine experiences a process of maturation that ends by the establishment of a functional barrier to macromaolecules and pathogenic bacteria.  This phenomenon is called gut closure and appears to be affected by diet.  Hence, differnt studies with infants (JPGN, 1995,21:383-6), and animal models (Pediatr Res, 1990, 28:31-7) show that maturation of the barrier is faster in breast-fed than in formula fed newborns.  This could explain the higher prevalence of allergy and infections in infants fed formula than in those fed with mother milk."

Patent #8293264 entitled, "Nutritional composition to promote healthy development and growth," invented by Francisco J. Rosales et al. and filed in 2009.  Owned by Mead Johnson. The patent states that Bifidobacterim spp. bacteria dominates the intestines of breastfed infants.  And while Bifidobacterim spp (not necessarily the same species as found in breastfed infants) is also in the intestines of formula-fed infants, there are also many pathogenic bacterium.

"Bifidobacteria are generally considered 'beneficial' bacteria and are known to protect against colonization by pathogenic bacteria."

"Bifidobacteria are also associated with resistance to gastrointestinal (GI) tract and respiratory infection as well as an enhanced immune function, especially in children and infants."

HM [Human Milk] oligosaccharides are believed to elicit an increase in the number of Bifidobacteria in the colonic flora, along with a reduction in the number of potentially pathogenic bacteria."

Patent # 8282927 entitled, "Immunoglobulin fraction and process thereof,"
invented by Andrew Brown et al, and filed in 2006.  Owned by Murray Goulburn Co-Operative Co. Limited (Australia).  This patent states that very little IgA present in cow's milk and their intent is to make an IgA enriched milk product.

"Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is the dominant immunoglobulin in human secreetions, including breast milk and provides the body with protection against pathogens, binding to disease-causing viruses, bacteria, fungi and their toxins.  IgA provides infants essential protection against the aforementioned pathogens."

Copyright 2014 Valerie W. McClain